This document provides the current carrying capacity or AMPACITY of coaxial cables used in the Telecommunications industry. The method used to calculate the tabulated ampacities is a thermodynamic model of a cable installed indoors in air and considers the heat flow from the inner and outer conductor through the dielectric and jacket materials. It assumes that the conductors carrying current reach an operating temperature of 65°C based on the cables ability to dissipate heat. This temperature was chosen to substantially minimize the possibility of accelerated thermal aging of the dielectric and jacket materials. System designers are encouraged to consider the effect of this operating temperature on conductor resistance (R), voltage drop (IR) and power consumption (I2R).
The National Electrical Code (NEC) considers the most convenient and expeditious method of defining the ampacity of cables to be through the use of tables. The tabular format included in this document illustrates the ampacity of trunk, distribution and drop type coaxial cables commonly used in the Telecommunications industry. This procedure shall not be used to determine ground conductor size as referenced in NEC Article 810, 820 or 830 as applicable.
The ampacity provided for trunk and distribution coaxial cables are for copper-clad aluminum center conductors and solid (smooth wall) aluminum outer conductors. Drop coaxial cable ampacity relate to cables with a copper-clad steel center conductor and a combination of aluminum tape(s) and braid(s), which represent the outer conductor.